PARTNERS

Effect of reverse osmosis and ultra-high-pressure homogenization on sweet buttermilk

 

Buttermilk (BM), the by-product of butter making, is similar to skim milk (SM) composition. However, it is currently undervalued in dairy processing because it is responsible for texture defects (e.g., crumbliness, decreased firmness) in cheese and yogurt. One possible way of improving the incorporation of BM into dairy products is by the use of technological pretreatments such as membrane filtration and homogenization. 

A Canadian study aimed at characterizing the effect of preconcentration by reverse osmosis (RO) and single-pass ultra-high-pressure homogenization (UHPH) on the composition and microstructure of sweet BM to modify its techno-functional properties (e.g., protein gel formation, syneresis, firmness). The BM and RO BM were treated at 0, 15, 150, and 300 MPa. Pressure-treated and control BM and RO BM were ultracentrifuged to fractionate them into the following 3 fractions: a supernatant soluble fraction (top layer), a colloidal fraction consisting of a cloudy layer (middle layer), and a high-density pellet (bottom layer). Compositional changes in the soluble fraction [lipid, phospholipid (PL), protein, and salt], as well as its protein profile by PAGE analysis, were determined. Modifications in particle size distribution upon UHPH were monitored by laser diffraction in the presence and absence of sodium citrate to dissociate the casein (CN) micelles. Microstructural changes in pressure-treated and non-pressure-treated BM and RO BM particles were monitored by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Particle size analysis showed that UHPH treatment significantly decreased the size of the milk fat globule membrane fragments in BM and RO BM. Also, pressure treatment at 300 MPa led to a significant increase in the recovery of total lipids, CN, calcium, and phosphate in the BM soluble fraction (top layer) following ultracentrifugation. However, PL were primarily concentrated in the pellet cloud (middle layer), located above the pellet in BM concentrated by RO. In contrast, PL were evenly distributed between soluble and colloidal phases of BM. 

This study published in Journal of Dairy Science the provides insight into the modifications of sweet BM constituents induced by RO and UHPH from a compositional and structural perspective. 

LATEST NEWS

22nd World Congress of Food Science and Technology IUFoST

  The 22nd World Congress of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST) will take place in Rimini from 8 to 12 September 2024. For the first...

Vinventions introduces VINTOP Infinite: a revolutionary, digitally enabled screwcap

  Vinventions, the global leader in closure solutions, announces the launch of VINTOP Infinite, an exclusive wine screwcap (BVS standard) featuring cutting-edge digital printing technology....

Impact of different roasting conditions on coffee characteristics

  A Brazilian work aimed to evaluate the physicochemical changes during the roasting process of Robusta and Arabica coffee.  The highest content of total phenolics was...

ASCOLTATE IL PODCAST DI "ALIMENTI FUNZIONALI"

DOVE TROVARE LE NOSTRE RIVISTE

28-29/05/2024 - MONACO, GERMANIA
28-30/05/2024 PARMA
6-7/06/2024 - PARMA
12-15/06/2024 - BANGKOK, TAILANDIA
18-21/06/2024 - SHANGHAI, CINA
8-12/09/2024, RIMINI
24-26/09/2024 - NORIMBERGA, GERMANIA
9-12/10/2024 - MILANO
16-17/10/2024 - VERONA
5-7/11/2024 - DUBAI, EAU
6-7/11/2024 LA ROCHELLE, FRANCIA
12-15/11/2024 MILANO
18-20/11/2024 - SAHANGHAI, CINA
19-21/11/2024 - FRANCOFORTE, GERMANIA
24-26/11/2024 - NORIMBERGA, GERMANIA
26-28/11/2024 BORDEAUX, FRANCIA
18-22/01/2025 - RIMINI
2-5/02/2025 - COLONIA, GERMANIA
5-7/02/2025 - BERLIN, GERMANIA
16-18/02/2025 - RIMINI
23-25/02/2025 - BOLOGNA
16-18/03/2025 - DÜSSELDORF, GERMANIA
18-22/05/2025 - DÜSSELDORF, GERMANIA
27-30/05/2025 - MILANO

CATALOGO LIBRI

CATALOGO RIVISTE