PARTNERS

Pesticides: breakthrough on cumulative risk assessment

EFSA and its European partners have taken a major step forward in their work on assessing the cumulative risks from exposure to pesticides. A software tool has been developed for carrying out exposure assessments of multiple pesticides. In a pilot study, consumer exposure assessments are now being performed with the tool on groups of pesticides that may affect the thyroid and nervous systems.
The results of these assessments will be published by the end of this year, and will be considered by EFSA when it produces two scientific reports on cumulative risk assessments for the thyroid and the nervous systems in 2017.
In the longer term, EFSA hopes to start progressively incorporating high-level cumulative risk assessments into its annual analysis of the chronic and acute risks that pesticides pose to consumers. The analysis uses data collected by Member States.
The software – known as the Monte Carlo Risk Assessment (MCRA) tool – was initially developed through a project funded by the European Commission that involved researchers, scientists and regulators from 14 countries and was overseen by the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment for the Netherlands (RIVM).
Experience gained in the initial assessments will be used to optimise the tool to ensure its fitness for purpose in the context of regulatory decisions on applications concerning maximum residue levels (MRLs) of pesticides in food. This side of the project is being closely coordinated with the European Commission, which has established a working group to ensure that the project meets the needs of risk managers.
Luc Mohimont, from EFSA’s Pesticides Unit, said: “This is an exciting and significant development. Progress has been made in developing an approach for carrying out reliable exposure assessments of multiple pesticides, which takes us a step closer to our ultimate goal: to carry out comprehensive risk assessments of the combined effects on humans of pesticides, rather than just individual chemicals.”
The substances to be assessed in the pilot exposure assessments were identified by EFSA’s pesticide experts using a methodology specially devised for classifying pesticides into “cumulative assessment groups” (CAGs, see below). Over the coming years, CAGs will be defined for other organs, tissues and systems. Data is already being collected to define groups of pesticides that affect the liver, kidneys, eyes, and the reproductive and developmental systems.

Background
The EU regulation on MRLs in food stipulates that decisions on MRLs should take into account cumulative effects of pesticides as and when the methods to assess such effects become available. In addition, the regulation covering the placing of pesticides on the market stipulates that pesticides should have no harmful effects – including cumulative effects – on humans.

LATEST NEWS

UVB treatments of packaged ready-to-eat salads

  Ready-To-Eat (RTE) salads conveniently pre-prepared in bags can promote the intake of natural bioactive compounds, including antivirals such as quercetin. However, the content of...

Regulation EU 2024/1611 authorising the placing on the market of a novel food

  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2024/1611 of 6 June 2024 authorising the placing on the market of isomaltulose powder as a novel food and amending Implementing...

With a new president and an extended range of downstream solutions, Vinitech-Sifel is stepping up its commitment to the sector

  The date has already been set: Vinitech-Sifel will be held at Bordeaux Exhibition Centre from 26 to 28 November. The world's leading event for...

ASCOLTATE IL PODCAST DI "ALIMENTI FUNZIONALI"

DOVE TROVARE LE NOSTRE RIVISTE

8-12/09/2024, RIMINI
24-26/09/2024 - NORIMBERGA, GERMANIA
9-12/10/2024 - MILANO
16-17/10/2024 - VERONA
5-7/11/2024 - DUBAI, EAU
6-7/11/2024 LA ROCHELLE, FRANCIA
12-15/11/2024 MILANO
18-20/11/2024 - SAHANGHAI, CINA
19-21/11/2024 - FRANCOFORTE, GERMANIA
24-26/11/2024 - NORIMBERGA, GERMANIA
26-28/11/2024 BORDEAUX, FRANCIA
18-22/01/2025 - RIMINI
2-5/02/2025 - COLONIA, GERMANIA
5-7/02/2025 - BERLIN, GERMANIA
16-18/02/2025 - RIMINI
23-25/02/2025 - BOLOGNA
16-18/03/2025 - DÜSSELDORF, GERMANIA
18-22/05/2025 - DÜSSELDORF, GERMANIA
27-30/05/2025 - MILANO

CATALOGO LIBRI

CATALOGO RIVISTE