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Impact of different roasting conditions on coffee characteristics

 

A Brazilian work aimed to evaluate the physicochemical changes during the roasting process of Robusta and Arabica coffee. 

The highest content of total phenolics was detected in roasted coffee at temperatures of 135°C/20.20 min, 210°C/9.02 min, 210°C/11.01 min, and 220°C/13.47 min for both species. Robusta coffee showed greater antioxidant activity compared to Arabica coffee, except for the profiles at 230°C/17.43 min and 275°C/7.46 min that did not differ between samples by the DPPH and FRAP methods. For Arabica coffee, the antioxidant activity was independent of the roasting profile used. Robusta coffee presented higher values of the indexes b* (intensity of yellow vs blue), c* (chroma) and hue, being characterized as lighter and with greater chroma and hue. The highest levels of caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA) were observed in Robusta coffee. Arabica coffee had lower trigonelline values. Caffeic acid and hydroxymethylfurfural were identified only in Robusta coffee. 

However, the results published in Heliyon journal provided solid knowledge for the design of general properties and chemical compounds generated from binomials of roasting time and temperature that are little used in the world market. 

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